Thapar University Admission
Syllabus for MSc (Chemistry) Entrance Examination
Paper will consists of 75 objective type questions. Each question will carry 1 mark and 1/4th mark will be deducted for each wrong/blank answers.
Periodic Table: Periodic classification of elements and periodicity in properties; general properties of s, p, d and f block elements.
Hard and Soft Acids and Bases : Classification of acids and bases as hard and soft. Pearson's HSAB concept, acid-base strength and hardness and softness. Symbiosis, theoretical basis of. hardness and softness, electronegativity and hardness and softness.
Metal-Iigand Bonding in Transition Metal Complexes: Limitations of valence bond theory, an elementary idea of crystal-field theory, crystal field splitting in octahedral, tetrahedral and square planar complexes, factors affecting the crystal-field parameters.
Magnetic Properties of Transition Metal Complexes: Types of magnetic behavior, methods of determining magnetic susceptibility, spin-only formula. L-S coupling, correlation of μs and μeff values, orbital contribution to magnetic moments, application of magnetic moment data for 3d-metal complexes.
Electron Spectra of Transition Metal Complexes: Types of electronic transitions, selection rules for d-d transitions, spectroscopic ground states, spectrochemical series. Orgel-energy level diagram for d1 and d9 states, discussion of the electronic spectrum of [Ti(H2O)6]3+ complex ion.
Thermodynamic and Kinetic Aspects of Metal Complexes: A brief outline of thermodynamic stability of metal complexes and factors affecting the stability, substitution reactions of square planar complexes.
Organometallic Chemistry: Definition, nomenclature and classification of organometallic compounds. Preparation, properties, bonding and applications of alkyls and aryls of Li, AI, Hg, Sn and Ti, metal-ethylenic complexes and homogeneous hydrogenation, mononuclear carbonyls and the nature of bonding in metal carbonyls. Organomagnesium compounds: the Grignard reagents - formation, structure and chemical reactions. Organozinc compounds: formation and chemical reactions.
Spectroscopy: Electromagnetic radiation, regions of the spectrum, basic features of different spectrometers, statement of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, degrees of freedom.
UV-Visible Spectroscopy: Beer-Lambert’s law, molar absorptivity, presentation and analysis of UV spectra, types of electronic transitions, effect of conjugation. Concept of chromophore and auxochrome. Bathochromic, hypsochromic, hyperchromic and hypochromic shifts. UV spectra of conjugated enes and enones.
Infrared absorption spectroscopy: molecular vibrations, Hooke's law, selection rules, intensity and position of IR bands, measurement of IR spectrum, fingerprint region characteristic absorptions of various functional groups and interpretation of IR spectra of simple organic compounds.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: 1H NMR spectroscopy, nuclear shielding and deshielding, chemical shift and molecular structure, spin-spin splitting and coupling constants, areas of signals, interpretation of PMR spectra of simple organic molecules.
Problems pertaining to the structure elucidation of simple organic compounds using UV, IR and PMR spectroscopic techniques.
Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds: Concept of isomerism. Types of isomerism, Optical isomerism - elements of symmetry, molecular chirality, enantiomers, stereogenic centre, optical activity, properties of enantiomers, chiral and achiral molecules with two stereogenic centres, diastereomers, threo and erythro diastereomers, meso compounds, resolution of enantiomers, inversion, retention and racemization. Relative and absolute configuration, sequence rules, D & L and R & S systems of nomenclature. Geometric isomerism - determination of configuration of geometric isomers. E & Z system of nomenclature, geometric isomerism in oximes and alicyclic compounds. Conformational isomerism - conformational analysis of ethane and n-butane, conformations of cyclohexane, axial and equatorial bonds, conformation of mono substituted cyclohexane derivatives. Newman projection and Sawhorse formulae, Fischer and flying wedge formulae.
Heterocyclic Compounds: Introduction: Molecular orbital picture and aromatic characteristics of pyrrole, furan, thiophene and pyridine. Synthesis, properties and chemical reactions with particular emphasis on the mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Mechanism of nucleophilic substitution reactions in pyridine derivatives. Preparation and reactions of indole, quinoline and isoquinoline with special reference to Fisher indole synthesis, Skraup synthesis and Bischler-Napieralski synthesis. Mechanism of electrophilic substitution reactions of indole, quinoline and isoquinoline.
Organic Synthesis via Enolates: Acidity of α-hydrogens, alkylation of diethyl malonate and ethyl acetoacetate. Synthesis of ethyl acetoacetate: the Claisen condensation. Keto-enol tautomerism of ethyl acetoacetate. Alkylation of 1,3-dithianes. Alkylation and acylation of enamines.
Carbohydrates: Classification and nomenclature. Monosaccharides, mechanism of osazone formation, interconversion of glucose and fructose, chain lengthening and chain shortening of aldoses. Configuration of monosaccharides. Erythro and threo diastereomers. Conversion of glucose into mannose. Formation of glycosides, ethers and esters. Determination of ring size of monosaccharides. Cyclic structure of D-(+)-glucose. Mechanism of mutarotation. Structures of ribose and deoxyribose.
Amino Acids, Peptides, Proteins and Nucleic Acids: Classification, structure and stereochemistry of amino acids. Acid-base behavior, isoelectric point and electrophoresis. Preparation and reactions of α-amino acids. Structure and nomenclature of peptides and proteins. Classification of proteins. Peptide structure determination, and group analysis, selective hydrolysis of peptides. Classical peptide synthesis, solid-phase peptide synthesis. Structures of peptides and proteins. Levels of protein structure. Protein denaturation/renaturation. Nucleic acids: introduction. Constituents of nucleic acids. Ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides. The double helical structure of DNA.
Synthetic Polymers: Addition or chain-growth polymerization. Free radical vinyl polymerization, ionic vinyl polymerization, Ziegler-Natta polymerization. Polyesters, polyamides, phenol formaldehyde resins, urea formaldehyde resins, epoxy resins and polyurethanes. Natural and synthetic rubbers.
Atomic Structure: De Broglie hypothesis, the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, Significance of ψ and ψ2, quantum numbers, Schrödinger wave equation and its importance, physical interpretation of the wave function. Hund’s rule and electronic configuration of elements.
Photochemistry: Interaction of radiation with matter, difference between thermal and photochemical processes. Laws of photochemistry: Grothus - Drapper law, Stark - Einstein law, Jablonski diagram, fluorescence, phosphorescence, non-radiative processes, quantum yield, photosensitized reactions – energy transfer processes.
Solutions, Dilute Solutions and Colligative Properties: Ideal and non-ideal solutions, methods of expressing concentrations of solutions, activity and activity coefficient. Dilute solution, colligative properties, Raoult's law, relative lowering of vapour pressure, molecular weight determination. Osmosis, law of osmotic pressure and its measurement, determination of molecular weight from osmotic pressure. Elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point,
Chemical Thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes; First law and its application to ideal and nonideal gases; Thermochemistry ; Second law; Entropy and free energy, Criteria for spontaneity. Chemical and Phase Equilibria: Law of mass action; Kp , Kc, Kx and Kn ; Effect of temperature on K; Ionic equilibria in solutions; pH and buffer solutions; Hydrolysis; Solubility product; Phase equilibria–Phase rule and its application to one-component and two-component systems; Colligative properties. Electrochemistry: Conductance and its applications; Transport number; Galvanic cells; EMF and Free energy; Concentration cells with and without transport. Chemical Kinetics: Reactions of various order, Arrhenius equation, Collision theory; Theory of absolute reaction rate; Chain reactions – Normal and branched chain reactions; Photophysical and photochemical processes; Catalysis.
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About Thapar University
Thapar University, a premier engineering university, funded and approved by University Grant Commission (UGC) under the section 3 of UGC act, was known as Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology before 2007. It was founded in 1956 by Karam Chand Thapar of the Thapar Group of companies. Situated in the city of Patiala in Punjab, it is one of north India's premier institutes of engineering and technology. Thapar University offers courses at the bachelors, masters and Ph.D., levels in several disciplines of engineering and technology. Over 10,000 students have graduated from Thapar University. In a survey conducted by DataQuest, it was rated among the top 15 engineering schools in India. Outlook India rated Thapar University No. 17 in the Best Engineering Colleges in India 2010 after the IITs, BITS Pilani and NIT's underscoring its excellence in academics
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